African Airgun Safari 2006
Jim Chapman, Eric Henderson, and Randy Mitchell head to the Eastern Cape of South
Africa for an airgun hunting adventure like no other. The three hunting buddies from Indiana, Texas, and
Kentucky (respectively) met up in Washington Dulles airport for the 22 hour trip to Dakar, Johannesburg,
and on to Port Elizabeth South Africa .
A Quick Introduction
Ever since my return from South Africa last year, Randy Mitchell, Eric Henderson, and I have been
planning an airgunning safari for the three of us. I had arranged with my friends at Hounslow Safaris on the
Eastern Cape to organize a yearly hunt, and this was to be our inaugural trip with a group of airgun hunters.
I canâ€™t think of a better group of guys to hunt with; besides the three of us were Professional Hunter/
Outfitter Rob Dell and PH Andrew Myers. The Dells 10,000 acre farm serves as the base of operations,
but Rob has tens of thousands of acres in additional land to hunt. Andrew has the airgunning background,
having picked up on hunting with them while living in Europe and looking for hunting opportunities (much
like my own introduction to the sport). These guys have developed the knowledge of airgun technology,
equipment, performance, and hunting techniques to qualify them as the only airgun hunting specialist that I
know of in Africa.
The species hunted on this trip fall into the big stuff; kudu, impala, bushbuck, springbuck, duiker,
Steinbuck, and warthog,,,, and small stuff such as hyrax, suricate, mongoose, porcupine, guinea fowl,
crows, pigeons, springhare and brush hares.
Methods of hunting are mostly spot and stalk; driving or hiking the rugged brush and glassing with a good
set of binoculars then setting up a stalk into range. Long stalks and lots of crawling through heavy brush is
the norm, with most shots occurring in the fifty to eighty yard range. There are four blinds on the property
for bow hunters which can also be used by airgun hunters; two are elevated over waterholes, one is a mud
hut on the flats, and the forth is baled hay over the stock pens for varminting. Hunters can also shoot safari
style off the elevated benches in the back of trucks, which is particularly useful for targeting nocturnal
varmint with a lamp (legal in SA).
The Facilities and Terrain
The facilities at Hounslow are worthy of high praise; the buildings originally housed British military officers
in the 1800s, and retains that sense of history though it now provides five rooms with en suite, wood floors,
traditional furnishings, and plenty of space which are all very comfortable. Breakfast and some dinners are
served in a formal dining room, and there is a billiards/game room for relaxing at the end of the day.
However the real heart and sole from the hunters perspective, is the small private pub/trophy room which is
where we gathered ourselves in the morning, had lunch in the afternoons, and ended our days in
conversation. Part of what makes this such a great experience is the Dell family themselves. This is a
working ranch that has been in their family for several generations, you can sense right away that these
people know and care a great deal about their stewardship of the land and wildlife. They make the visitor
feel welcomed and comfortable, the overall ambiance is really nice, and results in one of the most pleasant
hunting experiences Iâ€™ve ever had.
As mentioned, the hunting terrain is comprised of the Dells 10,000 acres (which is the core of the
operations) but they have access to tens of thousands of additional hunting acres spread around the district.
They can also arrange to move the group to the coastal regions or inland if a specific game not present in
their area is desired.
The ranch itself is rugged brush covered hills interspersed with small grassy plains and steep rock
formations jutting up like mini mountain ranges. While not the most difficult terrain Iâ€™ve ever hunted, I
do suggest the hunter get in reasonable shape before the trip. Airgun hunting is a lot like bow hunting in that
it requires the hunter to close with their prey, we spent a lot of time creeping, crawling and crouching in our
Pest control takes place around the stock yards and feeders that make up a couple hundred acres of the
property. While not the most scenic area on the ranch, it is very productive for pigeons, crows, crows,
monkeys and all manner of varmint! It is a great environment for the airgun hunter to get in lots of shooting.
In this area exact shot placement and target selection are necessary so as not to damage equipment or
There is a range area set aside for sighting in rifles, but Rob has also built an airgun range in a dry dam a
short walk from the lodgings. This proved convenient for testing guns, ammo, and fill pressures, with the
added advantage of providing refilling facilities right at hand.
The guns used were of course dictated by the type of hunting to be undertaken, with each hunter allowed
to bring three guns into the country. We each carried a Quackenbush .457 for large game (of course) and a
variety of .22s for small game; a Quackenbush .22, an Evanix AR6 .22, and a Prairie Falcon .22. We also
had Andrews tuned BSA Superten .22 available, which had been put to good use on last years hunt. Our
middle guns were the point of divergence, with Randy bringing along his DAQ .308, Eric a
Quackenbush/Bigbore Bob Liege Lock replica in .445, and I opted for a recent favorite, the Dragonslayer .
50. There are reviews of these guns on our various websites, so Iâ€™ll not repeat that information here but
rather direct interested readers to those write-ups. The Quackenbush .457 is a newer gun that Dennis built
us for this trip, so mention of a few details is warranted before moving on.
After last years hunt, Dennis and I discussed what Iâ€™d like in my gun for the next trip, in contrast to the
tuned .50 that had been used. I wanted a smaller caliber propelled at higher velocity to provide a flatter
shooting profile. To compensate for a smaller caliber I wanted to shoot longer bullets and therefore needed
a barrel with a twist rate optimized for such a projectile. Performance-wise the gun needed sub 1â€�
groups with 2-3 shots at 75 yards, and to generate around 450 -500 fpe. Iâ€™d also felt a lighter,
smoother trigger would be needed to get the best accuracy out of the gun, but not too light. About the
same time as these discussions were going on, Eric and Dennis had been working on a Long Action version
of the DAQ Bandit in .457 which had most of the attributes desired. Although Iâ€™d wanted something in
the mid 30s caliber-wise, these guys were getting good results with the larger bore and it made sense to
leverage this project for the African gun. The DAQ LA .457 as delivered produced over 500 fpe with a
425 grain bullet, and delivered good out of the box accuracy after determining the right filling pressure and
the guns sweet spot. Mine preferred a 3200 psi fill, the gun delivered the first and second shot into an inch
at 75 yards, with the third shot dropping POI about 4â€�. On the range with a refill after each shot, five
shots went into a big half inch hole ripped into the target. As far as I was concerned this performance
provided exactly what I wanted in a large game airgun, but to cap things off Dennis had reworked the
trigger on this gun, and the improvement was significant. It was just about perfect for me, the blade had
been widened and though I wasnâ€™t able to measure it before the trip Iâ€™m guessing about a 4lb pull
that was quite smooth, and for field shooting worked out great.
Both Randy and I took our guns in production trim; the only difference was that his gun had the laminate
stock, and mine wore the standard walnut (though Iâ€™ve since ordered the laminate, very cool furniture
out of the DAQ shop). Eric wanted more power and shipped his gun directly to Bob Dean (AKA Big
Bore Bob) for a power tune up; increasing the volume and opening the valve for more (and better) airflow,
and balancing the hammer springs so the gun would work at higher pressures (circa 3800 psi). Is this tune
up required? I am not sure for deer sized game. The longest shot of the trip was my 111 meter springbuck
ram â€“ a broadside heart/lung shot that smashed the offside shoulder and exited the animal. However,
Ericâ€™s main goal was a large kudu bull, and the over 600 fpe generated by his gun certainly wouldnâ
€™t hurt on an animal this large. He managed to get in fairly close to his bull, but still the 510 grain bullet
was very effective going right through the animal. Iâ€™d like to see this gun and game with a soft lead
bullet, and will probably send my rifle to Bob for a tune up after deer season.
The Ammo for the large bore guns was manufactured by Hunters Supply; and came in a 300 grain, 425
grain, and 510 grain configuration. These 300 and 425 are conical bullets and the 510 are roundnose cast
in hard lead, and were quite accurate out of the Quackenbush guns (for which they were purpose
designed). They also penetrated well and were very effective on most of the game we shot, though I canâ
€™t help but think that on especially tough game like warthogs a soft lead bullet that expanded would have
anchored the animals more solidly. The bullets were penetrating the big pigs, but I think if all the energy had
been dumped on target we might have saved a couple long and hard follow up sessions.
Randy brought a couple boxes of Hunters Supplies 76 and 115 grain .308 cast bullets for his DAQ, finding
this was the best load in his gun. I brought a couple boxes of the Hornady 180 grain .497 roundball for the
Dragonslayer. This roundball is extremely accurate in my Dragonslayer and provided surprisingly good
terminal performance on game.
For the .22s we brought a number of pellets including; the Logun Penetrator, Predator Polymags, Beeman
Kodiaks, H&N FTs, Eu Jin Heavies. Each gun had its preferences and all designs were used, the Loguns
worked very well in the Falcon and Superten, the Kodiaks in the DAQ, and the Eu Jins in the AR6.
Regardless of which caliber and type of ammo, there was one constant; we brought way too much! I paid
an extra $100.00 in excess baggage and the left three quarters of it unused when we departed.
The purpose of this brief summary is to give a general idea of the trip, but in time each of us will relate the
details of our individual hunts. It is always better to hear these from the guy that had the experience, plus
we were not always together. Eric and Randy hunted big game with Andrew and Rob for the first couple of
days while I pursued small game on my own, then I stayed on for a few extra days to hunt. The following
details came out of our conversations and observations from the hunters and PHs at the end of the day. I
also want to mention since much of this game is not well known in the States; everything we shot was legal,
in season, and allowed with our permits. All animals were retrieved and all were used, the edibles
processed for the larder and pest used for bait to draw in other pest.
For my part, I got everything Iâ€™d wanted except for a bushbuck. My first big animal of the trip was a
21â€� impala ram shot at 77 meters, using a .457 425 grain bullet. The broadside heart/lung shot dropped
the ram on the spot with a one shot kill. He did not move two feet after being hit.
Next was a springbuck with 12 Â½â€� horns, shot at 111 meters with DAQ .457 300 grain bullet after a
two hour stalk/crawl in spiny brush. The ram ran 30 yards and was dead when we walked up. This was
one of the biggest rams theyâ€™d seen in a few years, and I think it will score well.
I am working on the Eastern Cape small five, and last year took an outstanding duiker ram, but the
Steinbuck I shot was only fair. This year I had the opportunity for a nice 4 Â½â€� Steinbuck ram (which
is very good) that I shot at 74 meters with the Dragonslayer .50 caliber. The broadside shot pierced the
lung and aorta before breaking the offside shoulder, the ball coming to rest just under the skin on the off
My last big game animal was a small warthog shot at 25 yards with the DAQ .457; through the front of the
chest and out the rear end, a reverse Texas heart shot. The pig ran 10 yards and dropped. I missed my one
chance for a bushbuck after a long stalk, taking a 100 meter shot up a steep incline that was right on line,
but hitting under. And that my friends, was the last time I got into airgun range though I spent several hours
stalking another one.
I was very pleased with the Quackenbush .457 and overall bullet performance, and while Iâ€™ve often
said I am a competent but not great shot, I was on for this trip. With the exception of the missed bushbuck,
every shot I took at big game hit where it was intended. I also shot several small game/varmint species
including; Guinea Fowl, Yellow Bill Ducks, Rock and Banded Pigeons, Rosy Doves, Crow, Hyrax,
Surricate, Red Mongoose, Monkeys, Brush hares, Springhares, and a huge Porcupine
Eric shot a couple of impressive animals, and got everything he came for including;
A 39â€� Kudu bull from a blind at 20 meters with his DAQ .457 510 grain bullet. A quartering heart/lung
shot penetrated the bull, and he ran about 75 yards before dropping. This is as far as I know, the largest
animal taken in South Africa with an airgun. Eric spent three days in hard stalking for a good bull, but
couldnâ€™t get inside 100 yards. He made a judgment call (and we all think the right one) to shoot from
one of the bow hunting blinds to ensure a clean ethical kill, which is what he achieved.
Next he got my â€¦â€¦. Errrr, I mean â€œaâ€� nice bushbuck with 13â€� horns that he shot at 76 meters.
The animal was hit broadside with a 510 grain bullet that entered beside the shoulder with a complete pass
through, another one shot kill. Eric stalked this animal right up to dusk, and shot in the last light of the day.
When the three of us headed out together for impala, he had the opportunity to go after a nice 20â€� ram
that he shot at 78 meters, using a .457 510 grain bullet. After the broadside heart/lung shot the ram ran
about a hundred yards and was finished with a quick followup shot, after a grueling one and a half hour
Borrowing a gun for smaller antelope, Eric then shot a nice 4â€� duiker ram with Randyâ€™s. 308 and a
75 grain bullet. A one shot kill that was a perfectly placed neck shot at 45 meters. These little antelope are
a great airgunning quarry.
Erics last animal was a small warthog shot at 90 yards with the DAQ .457; first shot was a broadside that
hit spine and dumped him on the spot. The pig started to crawl a way and this was the last shot in Ericâ
€™s gun, so he grabbed the PHs 30-06 and finished the job with a quick follow up, saving us a long
tracking session with the dog. I think these are about the toughest animal we hunt over there. Eric also shot
several small game/varmint species including; Guinea Fowl, Egyptian Geese, Banded Pigeons, Hyrax, Gray
Mongoose, Monkeys, Springhares
Randy also scored on everything he had wanted on this trip, with the exception of a warthog (thatâ€™s
what next trips are for). He was the first one of our group to score a large game critter and collected a nice
impala ram at 50 meters, using a .457 425 grain bullet. A quartering Broadside heart/lung shot that hit spine
and the ram dropped on the spot to a one shot kill.
Next he spent a while in pursuit of a very nice springbuck ram with perfectly shaped 9 Â½â€� horns.
Finally getting into range, a shot was fired and the ram was hit at 50 yards, dropped with a single shot of
the .457 425 grain slug.
Randys final big game animal was a duiker ram with 4â€� horns, that was hit low on first shot at 65 yards,
but went down to a follow up shot. Randy also got a number of small game species including; Guinea Fowl,
Banded Pigeons, Rosy Doves, Monkeys, Brush hares, Springhares, and a Porcupine
The Professional Hunters thought that these were some of the more difficult hunts they had done for the
season, because of the ranges we wanted to get into. If weâ€™d been hunting with firearms, many of the
shots we made after long and strenuous stalks/crawls through the brush could have been shot at 200 â€“
300 meters without having moved more than 20 yards from the trucks. They were also impressed with the
number of one shot kills and terminal performance obtained, which I think was due to our attention to shot
selection. For the most part, both shooters and guns performed well. The fact was that none of use had as
much range time with our guns before leaving, but this was offset by getting in a fair amount of shooting and
testing once we arrived. We tried different bullets with different fill pressures to determine what the various
combinations would do across the ranges we planned to hunt.
This was a great airgunning adventure; the trip over and back was long and some of the paperwork a bit
tedious, but the place, the people, and the hunting all made it worthwhile. Eric and I have hunted quite a bit
together, Randy and Eric have hunted together, and Randy and I share a lease and hunt together a lotâ€¦.
But this was the first time that all three of us were out as a group. It was a great dynamic and an excellent
team. On the South African side, Rob and Andrew have become valued friends and the chance to get this
whole group together is an experience I wonâ€™t forgetâ€¦. Everybody liked each other and we all
enjoyed hunting together. From my perspective, there is nothing more I could have asked for â€¦â€¦ except
maybe a second chance at that bushbuck!
Randy and I in my den taking care of
last minute paperwork before our
departure. And this is where we were
headed..... South Africa
Sighting in is the time to check
how the guns and scopes
survived transportation and
for the hunter to shake out the
kinks after 30 hours of travel.
It is also a chance for the
professional hunters to
observe their clients shooting
and equipment to establish
confidence they can perform
in the field.
In this picture Eric is shooting
with Randy on deck, Andrew
and Rob looking on.
The land we hunted on was
comprised of a varied
character. There were large
plains covered in long grass
and indiginous thorn trees
dressed in two inch long
wooden nails. We would
glass from the side of the
rolling hills that undulated
across the veld until
spotting quarry, then
strategize the approach
into shooting range. There
was precious little cover at
times, which made getting
inside of 70 yards on an
animal with a 200 yard
safety zone a challange.
Andrew and our Xhosa
discussing a bushbuck ram
they'd spotted a couple of
hills over. These guys had
unbelievable eyes, and could
spot far away game bare
eyed before I could get my
12x binos trained on it.
Some of these rock
formations were very steep
and made for hard slogging.
This was the environment
preferred by bushbuck and is
one of the reasons this
animal can be such a
challange. They are very
wary and have a propensity
for backtracking and using
their dagger like horns on
the pursueing hunter if
These rocks are a favored
huant of hyrax as well, and
sometimes these animals
could be seen swarming over
Chapman, Henderson, Mitchell Cont'd
After the Hunt
Small herd of impala sighted
from high atop a hill. We
needed powerful glass to
determine there was not a
good ram in the bunch,
which saved us from a long
and non-productive hike.
One piece of hear that is an
absolute must on for these
trips is a good set of
I found that standard
patterns of camo
developed for our North
works well, going more
with browns and earth
tones than greens.
I did not see any streams or
running water in the
locations we hunted,
however there were a few
waterholes and a few dams
spread around the property.
Animals are very jumpy in
these areas, and getting into
shooting range takes a bit
of time and effort. In this
picture Tululu is going after
a duck I shot with the
Falcon at approximately 90
yards. I was dropping trou
and getting ready to go in
when he came up looking
for me, and offered to go in.
I hunted this hole for three
hours trying to get in, and
finally set up in camo an
waited... still 90 yards was
as close I could get.
After the hunt and at midday meals
we retreated to the small pub for
food and rest. The ambiance was
great and a very cool place to hang
and discuss the varios hunts. Robs
friends, other PHs and ranchers
would come by to see our guns and
discuss what we were doing.
Another option for
relaxing after the hunt is
the billiards/game room.
A bit more formal than
the pub, but another style
with an ambiance all its
own. I always have liked
this room... it's just that I
like hanging at the pub
The rooms (lower) are
very comfortable and I
slept well every night, of
course miles of
Eric and Andrew with
the Kudu bull Eric
shot with his DAQ
.457. The bull was hit
at 20 yards and ran
about 75 yards before
As far as we know
this is the largest
animal taken with an
airgun in Africa,
eclipsing the kudu
cow I shot last year.
This was the primary
quarry that Eric
wanted, and he spent
three days of solid
work to finally fill his
I shot this nice
springbuckram at 111
meters after a long and
difficult stalk. I finally
crawled under a tree
and was able to set up
my shot, sitting down
and using the bipods.
The ram ran a short
dropping, and was dead
when I walked up.
Andrew, Rob, Diesel the
wonder dog and I
taking a picture with
Eric with a nice little duiker ram he shot with Randys
DAQ .308 (left). I took this warthog with a reverse
Texas heart shot as it headed along a wash directly
towards me (lower).
Randy, Eric, and I drove to another ranch
about a 100 kilometers north to hunt impala
one day. It was a great trip; Randy was the
first to connect with an impala ram. After
spotting two rams, he worked his way into 50
yards before pulling the trigger. His 50 yard
shot struck low and he was off on a long
recovery track. Eventually Rob finished the
ram with a long shot with his 30-06.. Randy
was using a 425 grain bullet and a fill pressure
of 3200 psi.
My ram was shot late in the day after spotting
a bachelor herd of eight nice rams feeding.
Rob and I crawled on hands and knees over a
couple hundred yards working our way into
range, A 77 meter broadside resulted in a one
shot kill. This was the third stalk we set up that
day and we kept getting busted at around a
120 yards, which was further than I wanted to
shoot. I was using the same bullet and fill
pressure as Randy.
The terrain was rolling hills covered in long
grass, with sparse thorn trees offering the only
My ram measured 21" and
is a couple inches better
than last years.... I think he
will score well by SCI, I
have a few animals to send
in to be scored when the
mounts are ready.
Eric shot this impala at 78
yards with a 510 grain
bullet and a fill pressure of
3800 psi. The ram ran a
short distance before being
anchored with a fast
follow up shot.
The meat from the from the large
game animals we took was used at
our table, used to make biltong,
and sold to the local game butcher.
We kept the horns and the skins for
trophys. Our skinner/tracker was a
Xhosa named Tululu, and after he
dressed the animals they were
stored in the ranches cold house.
The skulls and the skins were
packed in salt before being
delivered to the taxidermist.
Chapman, Henderson, Mitchell Cont'd
Small Game and Varmint
Eric and I got in a bit of
water fowl; he has an
Egyptian goose shot with his
DAQ .22, an 80 yard head
shot. I've got a pair of yellow
billed ducks both shot at over
75 yards with the Prairie
Falcon. These birds are very
difficult to get into range on,
when your dinner for so
many other animals it makes
you cautious (above left and
This huge porcupine was
nailed with the Dragonslayer
.50 at 30 yards on a run.
Unlike the North American
species the African
porcupines are fast. Our
tracker was over the top with
this one as it was destined as
the main course for his
Shooting monkeys is counter-intuitive
for most of us, however the vervet
monkey is a real pest animal that causes
a great deal of damage around the
property, raiding crops and livestock
feed. The eagles that prey on vervets
are in decline, and populations in some
areas are out of control.
These animals are very wary and
difficult to get into airgunning range,
but can be shot from a blind or from
deep camo such as a ghillie suit.
I shot a couple of big males with the
Career Dragonslayer which anchored
them dead in place. The .50 caliber
roundball dropped them on the spot.
Randy shot a few of the beasties with
the Evanix AR6, laying in headshots
that were decisive. He told me that the
rapid cycling of this gun made it ideal
for the rapid shoot, and the high power
worked well on these larger animals.
All of us took multiple Guinea Fowl; I used my Prairie
Falcon, DAQ .457 and Dragonslayer .50 with good
effect. I especially liked the Falcon for the game. A
flock of birds moving through the brush offers some
fast shooting. Eric is seen here with a brace of birds
taken with hius DAQ .22 right before dusk fell.
We took a few of the strange little animals called
dassie (or Hyrax). Here Eric poses with a dassie and
the DAQ22 used to harvest them.
Eric took the Falcon out to te blind and used it to
tag a gray mongoose. These fast little animals do not
give much in the way of a static target. This ine went
down to a head shot.
In this picture we the three of us show off some of
the springhare we bagged. Populations were higher
than I'd seen in a long time, they were everywhere
this year and in large number.
Bird hunting was available everyhere you turned, it was
fun to shoot pigeons as the birds swarmed in to raid the
feeders. We left the "house crows" alone, the ones that
hung out near the out buildings, but the ones outside of
the protection zone were pest and fair game.
The five of us together at the end of the
hunt, as stated during the intro, we had
a great group to hunt with and a lot of
fun. To my way of thinking, having the
right guys together can make or break a
trip. Saying our goodbyes on the last
night before Eric and Randy left..
Almost all of the small game
was considered busk meat and
given to the locals. They
particularly liked the
springhare, brush hare,
pigeons, vervets and
porcupines we shot.